Adhd in kids is the most common behavioral disorder and also the most studied and researched. It is believed that roughly ten percent of all school-age kids are affected by the disorder that is sometimes also referred to ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). According to statistics boys are three times as likely to be diagnosed with the disorder than their female counterparts are, however the reason/s for this are yet to be discovered. Some suggest that there is no discrepancy and that the disorder merely manifests itself differently in girls, making it more difficult to diagnose.
Children who have ADD/ADHD act without thinking. They are hyperactive and they experience problems when it comes to focusing on a task or activity. Although the child might actually understand what is expected they simply have trouble obeying because they are not able to remain still, be attentive, and focus on details.
The majority of children behave this way some of the time, especially the young ones, however ADHD kids will behave this way more of the time and in will do so in different settings and scenarios. The child is unable to function properly when in social situations, at school, or at home. Parents are often at the end of their rope when they approach the professionals about their child’s apparently unruly and uncontrollable behavior but there is good news. ADD/ADHD can be treated and the child who has the disorder can learn ways to live with it. The symptoms of adhd in kids can be managed.
What are the symptoms?
Up until the mid-90s ADHD was known as ADD but that was when the disorder received its new name which is another in a list of names by which it has been known. The disorder is divided into three sub-categories or types and each of these has a pattern of behaviors. Let’s take a closer look at the three sub-categories:
- Inattentive type
- Hyperactive-impulsive type
- Combined type
Kids with inattentive type ADHD are incapable of paying attention to details and are more inclined to make what are apparently careless mistakes. They are also known to experience problems when they have to maintain concentration. They experience difficulties when it comes to following instructions, organizing, and planning. They tend to avoid those tasks and activities that require them to maintain concentration and they have a tendency to lose things that they need in order to complete a task or activity. They are distractible and forgetful as well.
Kids that fall into this sub-category are always on the move, fidgeting, squirming, running around, climbing, jumping, etc. They never play quietly whether alone or with friends and they are forever talking. They will answer questions that haven’t been asked in full, they’re impatient and don’t like waiting for their turn, they will interrupt others, and generally be disruptive.
Most children are diagnosed with this sub-category of ADD/ADHD and will present the characteristics and symptoms that are associated with both of the abovementioned sub-categories.
While parents might find that their ADHD child really makes life challenging it is important that they bear in mind that their child is not acting out or ill-disciplined. The fact is that adhd in kids makes it very difficult for the child to control their behavior, especially if they are not on any type of treatment.
How is adhd in kids diagnosed?
There is no single test to determine whether your child has this disorder or not. Before your child can be diagnosed they will require a full and thorough evaluation. The majority of kids are diagnosed by the family physician or pediatrician. However there are instances when the family will be referred to a specialist for diagnosis. This will be the case if there is any doubt about the diagnosis or if there are other issues that need to be considered such as depression, anxiety, etc.
Unfortunately adhd in kids is very common and if your child appears to have the disorder it is important that you have him or her evaluated so that treatment can begin.
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